Stamping Millions of Miniature Parts

November 1, 2015

Miniature stampings
Miniature stampings with a lot of complex geometry is where Meier Tool & Engineering hangs its hat. Examples are these electrical connectors stamped from beryllium copper. Tolerances on the male component (±0.010 in.) are tighter than on the female, so Meier stamps them on its Yamada Dobby link-motion high-speed presses.
When the first link-motion high-speed press first landed at Meier Tool and Engineering in 2000, its benefits were immediately recognized and a real competitive advantage resulted. So says tooling manager Tony VanDanacker, who at the time served as manufacturing manager for Meier, which operates out of a 35,000-sq.-ft. plant in Anoka, MN. It specializes in stamping small, intricate parts from thin-gauge sheet for the medical and defense/electronics industries. VanDanacker recalls the first big job Meier completed on that first link-motion press, a 25-ton model from Yamada Dobby.

“We were stamping tiny formed parts that were post-heattreated,” he says, “and after heattreating the residual stresses in the formed parts often caused bend angles to move out of tolerance. We simply were unable to make the parts to our customer’s satisfaction. When we brought in the link-motion Yamada Dobby press, its 11-deg. dwell at bottom sufficiently allowed the release of those residual stresses so that we were able to maintain dimensional tolerances after heattreating.”

progressive dies
Meier designs and builds one or two new progressive dies per month, which can comprise six to 35 working stations and as many as 1000 components. This die, 22 by 12 in. and with 25 working stations, stamps parts for biopsy forceps from 0.007-in.-thick 300-series stainless steel. Running at 150-250 strokes/min., it makes about 500,000 hits between maintenance cycles.
That success bred future investments in the link-motion high-speed (to 800 strokes/min.) presses. The plant now is home to six Yamada Dobby presses—three 25-ton models and three 40-ton models, in addition to seven conventional high-speed presses and a 2011-vintage Aida 110-ton gap-frame servo press.

Meier processes metal strip from ¼ to 3 in. wide, with its sweet spot somewhere around 1 in. Material thickness ranges from 0.002 to 0.125 in., with a sweet spot around 0.006-0.007 in.


The healthy market for disposable surgical instruments and implantable devices has nourished Meier’s expanding waistline—medical work now comprises nearly 70 percent of its diet, up from 45 percent just 5 years ago. One trend the company has leveraged: OEMs seeking to convert machined and metal-injection-molded (MIM) parts into stampings, where significant cost savings can be realized.

“We built this business,” says operations manager Jon Preston, “on that very capability. Our sales force is skilled and trained to look for potential conversion opportunities, and we also focus on educating customers to identify parts that might be ripe for conversion to metal stamping.”

Yamada Dobby presses
Meier’s 35,000-sq.-ft. shop houses six Yamada Dobby presses—three 25-ton models and three 40-ton models, in addition to seven conventional high-speed presses and a 2011-vintage Aida 110-ton gap-frame servo press. It processes metal strip from ¼ to 3 in. wide; material thickness ranges from 0.01 to 0.080 in.
One recent conversion triumph: disposable biopsy forceps, which used to be assembled from MIM or machined parts that now are stamped on Meier’s Yamada Dobby presses. The firm runs several different dies to stamp millions of parts per year. The parts are as miniature as miniature can be—as tiny as 1 by 5 mm, “with a lot of geometry packed into that tiny space,” says VanDanacker. Such tiny, precise work comprises about half of the firm’s medical business, and that percentage grows as Meier becomes more focused than ever on pushing its quality system upstream. That means being more demanding on areas like die design and build, says VanDanacker, to help ensure that the quality of its high-speed-stamped parts stays where it needs to. “Here, quality starts early in the process,” he insists.

More PM Tool Steels, and Adjustable Tooling

Among efforts to improve its die-making capabilities, and develop more reliable and consistent dies, is growing use of PM tool steels (Bohler Uddeholm is the supplier of choice). It also strives to develop new dies with adjustable tool sections. “This allows our press technicians (Meier calls its press operators technicians, since they’re responsible for their processes from start to finish) to dial in the process at the press. This proves much more efficient than having to remove tools from the press for adjustments and alterations.”

Such adjustments seem to become more necessary as the influx of new, challenging workpiece materials increases. We’re talking exotic metal alloys such as platinum and tantalum, as well as the shape-memory alloy (SMA) nitinol—a nickel-titanium alloy finding increased use in medical implantables such as stents, orthodontic-bracket clips and vascular closures. Meier forms nitinol in heated dies at process temperatures exceeding 800 F.

Miniature parts
Another relatively new material gaining popularity is MP35N (tensile strength to 300 ksi), a Ni-Co-Cr-Mo stainless-steel grade from Carpenter. It, according to Carpenter, provides good ductility and toughness and corrosion resistance, as well as resistance to high-temperature oxidation and hydrogen embrittlement.

“Working with challenging materials like nitinol and MP35N keeps us focused on continuous improvement and developing new tooling concepts,” says Preston. “And in addition to new-process and die development, we’re also keeping an eye out for ways to improve the productivity of existing dies. One of our key performance indicators is die life and hits between maintenance cycles. Our goal is to complete at least one die-enhancement project per month, to increase tool life. And, we closely track the cost savings from each project implemented, in some cases offering savings back to our customers.”

Prototyping a Key Value-Add Proposition

As parts get smaller and smaller and the geometry challenges increase, prototype development becomes more critical to landing new jobs, and new customers. Among the value-added opportunities at Meier Tool & Engineering, therefore, prototype development rates at the top. Signifying its importance, the firm completed a significant week-long kaizen event focused on its prototype department.

“We created a kaizen team of nine staff members to survey the entire prototype process,” says VanDanacker. “In the end, we redeployed several pieces of manufacturing equipment, moving them from the production floor to create a separate room dedicated to prototyping. Now we develop prototypes in a cellular environment using dedicated equipment—wire EDM, mills, grinders, presses, etc.—as well as a dedicated CAD/CAM station and programmer and an estimator.”

The end result of the new, focused prototype factory at Meier is quicker flow, from estimating to finished parts. “Feedback throughout the development process amongst the team—designers, estimators, machinists, etc. —is immediate,” adds VanDanacker. “We’re much more responsive to customer requests, more agile when design changes come in, and throughput has increased as well. We can, in some cases, turn projects that might have taken days to complete before in a matter of hours now.” MF

Industry-Related Terms: Alloys, Corrosion Resistance, Die, Ductility, Model, Oxidation, Prototype, Stainless Steel, Thickness, Tolerance
View Glossary of Metalforming Terms


See also: Yamada Dobby America

Technologies: Stamping Presses, Tooling


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